AFTERBURN REPORT 2007
The Earth Guardians have been Burning Man's Leave No Trace environmental educators since 1999. In recognition of 2007's theme and our own concerns regarding the environment outside the playa, Earth Guardians incorporated Earth-friendly "Green" practices and technologies into our outreach material for the Burning Man event. We kicked off the year by hosting the Green House event at Burning Man headquarters in April to help Burners "Green" their Burn, held several training events in the Black Rock Desert in May and June, and ramped up our eco-restoration activities during Burning Man to provide participants a way to give back to our desert home. During the event we showcased "green" model camps, demonstrated environmentally-friendly practices and shared information about our desert home on our Black Rock interpretive walk. This year's "Green Tour", which was documented in the Green Map and Green Guide, doubled to include over 20 camps and villages. All of these projects were developed to be inclusive, to inspire others, and to create beneficial information to share with all of Black Rock City.
Pre-Playa Outreach Efforts
The 2007 Green House was clearly a success and one which Earth Guardians would like to continue as an annual tradition. It was the first time Earth Guardians had organized an off-playa large-scale event that required coordination and participation from many different Burning Man departments and participants. Despite the rainy weather, participants streamed in to view the displays and stage events as soon as we opened the doors and throughout the entire day. It was great to meet folks in other departments and see attendees interacting with the displays and live performances.
The speakers and fashion show were popular and well attended. Inside there were displays of biodiesel preparation, energy production, energy efficient lighting, electronic recycling and grey water evaporation, and stations to get your creative juices focused on "trashion". Also in attendance were representation from Burning Man volunteer groups like Earth Guardians, the Green Working Group, the BRC Recycle camp and DPW's playa restoration team, joining the Friends of Black Rock and the national LNT Traveling Trainers. In the kitchen, "green" lighting workshops and environmental movies kept folks busy. Outside, on the stage, participants were entertained by tutorials on biofuels, playa restoration, and how to be a "green" burner. Other acts included performances by musicians, poets and puppeteers. Easily, the highlight of the day was the "trashion show." We're hoping to see many of the same groups participate in 2008 and expand the outdoor displays, to open up the space inside.
BLM Black Rock Rendezvous
For the second year in a row, Earth Guardians participated in the Black Rock Rendezvous organized by Friends of Black Rock/High Rock. The event is a great opportunity to meet with other user groups in the Black Rock National Conservation Area such as the Friends of Nevada Wilderness and the Sierra Club, as well as research institutions like the Desert Research Institute and the Great Basin Institute. During the 2007 Rendezvous, Earth Guardians led a workshop on Leave No Trace principles for participants that included a video presentation and discussions. We also had a table display showing many of the efforts to "green" Burning Man and what burners could do to "green" their Burn. Lastly, we used the 3-day event as an opportunity to meet with Friends of Black Rock staff to scout out possible restoration sites for a project to undertake during Burning Man. We anticipate continued participation in the event via both LNT/"green" training and possible eco-restoration efforts in 2008.
LNT / "Green" Train the Trainer Back Packing Trip
The 2007 Train the Trainer backpacking trip was held near the Black Rock Point, in the north end of the Black Rock playa. We picked the Black Rock area for the 2007 trip due to its historical and geological significance. This location also gave us the opportunity to cache shade, refreshments and other items making it a remote, yet comfortable trip. As with many of our outreach materials revised in 2007, Green Principles and "green" camping practices were developed and incorporated into the training material developed for the backpacking trip. Since several teachers participated in this year's trip, it was a great opportunity to share teaching ideas and techniques.
Highlights of the 2007 trip included seeing the historic Black Rock, enjoying camp shade in our new tent, sharing an awesome happy hour, dinner and campfire, and hearing each other's experiences. Our annual backpacking trip has been a great way to meet Burners from many different volunteer groups and theme camps at Burning Man and show them how Leave No Trace principles and "Greening" concepts apply to our event.
"Green" Plan Model / JRS "Green" Principles
A couple of years ago, to get residents of Black Rock city to focus more of their planning efforts on prevention, we developed a LNT plan to replace the existing theme camp clean-up plan. With smart planning, it is easier to keep things from hitting the ground if you don't bring them in the first place. This year, we developed a supplement, the Green Plan, which could be used by theme camps to guide them through a process of thinking "greener". Taking "green" into consideration means thinking about the effect each of your decisions has on the environment and choosing the least harmful option.
Learn more about the Green Plan.
Each year, Earth Guardians contribute material to the JRS devoted to the environment. We have typically used the email to send LNT trips and techniques to burners about a month before the event. This year we used it as a way to introduce burners to both LNT and Green Principles to help them rethink preparations for the playa and our top 10 reminders. The final Green Principles are shown below.
- Rethink What We Need to Thrive
- Reduce What We Purchase & Bring
- Conserve Energy & Reduce the Use of Fossil Fuels
- Reuse What We Can From Year to Year
- Recycle Everything Else – Aim for Zero Waste
- Coordinate With Our Neighbors to Share Resources
- Respect the Environment - Restore the Playa
Green and LNT tips were given with each principle to help explain how to put them into action. Learn more from the LNT/Be Green Jack Rabbit Speaks newsletter.
Earth Guardian Web Site / Burning Man Environment Web Site
Again, in 2007, Earth Guardians were active in developing web-based environmental material for burners. Earth Guardians were actively involved in revising existing content and developing new material for the new Environmental Section of the Burning Man website. Earth Guardians also worked on the development of material for the environmental wiki, and assisted with revisions to the theme camp questionnaire aimed at getting Burners to think "greener".
On-Playa LNT Outreach
The Green Map & Green Model Tour
This year Earth Guardians expanded our sixth annual LNT theme camp tour and map into an official Green Map, using the Green Map System (GMS). The GMS promotes inclusive participation in sustainable community development around the world, using mapmaking as our medium. Green Maps have been developed for over 300 areas across the world, showcasing locations of green facilities with consistent icons to help residents make decisions regarding their own local community. For Black Rock City's Green Map, we invited theme camps to participate and be "shown" on the map. Participating camps had to apply to demonstrate that they would go the extra mile and showcase examples of earth and playa friendly ways to camp greener at Burning Man. Go to the BRC section to learn more about the Green maps web site.
The Black Rock City Green Map identified the Green Model Camps (more than 20) and venues for "Green" Educational events. Featured practices in this year's Model Camp Tour included:
- Biodiesel Use
- Carbon Offsets
- Education / Outreach
- Energy Conservation
- Good Neighbor
- "Green" Building
- Grey Water Treatment
- Leave No Trace / Less is More
- Solar and Wind Energy
- Trash Management / Recycling / Composing
As in the past, the Tour was self-guided; participants visited camps of interest to them. A guided bus tour was offered for the first time this year, with mixed success.
Model camps ranged in size, from a camp of seven, to a village of 500 people. They represented a range of styles and scale. There were challenges and disappointments along the way, with some notable accomplishments. Radical self-reliance was transformed into something much closer to collaboration and sharing of resources and ideas.
The map also showcased Black Rock City's "Green infrastructure": alternative power sources, wood and aluminum recycling depots, the community bike program, civic kiosks and recharging stations. The Green Man Pavilion got its own section of the Green Map, showing the pavilion layout and a list of the art installations and exhibits.
The Green Guide
The Green Guide contained useful and informative data: location and time information for each event categorized by type of event. Categories of events in the Guide included:
- Environmental Movies
- MOOP (Matter Out Of Place) sweeps
- Open Discussions
- Green Model Camps
- Ways that participants could volunteer during the event.
The guides (on the back of the Green Map) were made available to all participants and posted in large-scale format throughout the City at each Plaza, at the Man Pavilion and at the Earth Guardians pavilion. Besides providing a concise visual guide to all things "green" in Black Rock City, we got a significant amount of positive feedback from participants that the map and guide were quite helpful during the event.
Camp of the Day Contest
This Earth Guardian contest recognizes the best examples of Leave No Trace and Green Camping practices throughout the city. Any registered theme camp can apply, before or during the event. All camps that were included on the Green Map as model camps were automatically entered in the Camp of the Day contest. Model Camps in 2007 included: Amphibia, the Alternative Energy Zone, the BRC Recycle Camp, BYB, Entheon Village, EverWOW, False Profit, Free Style Palace, Green Society Village, HeeBeeGeeBee Healters, HOodville, Hot Monkey Sox, Nose Fish, Radio Free Vahalla, 7 Sins Lounge, Silicon Village, Soulicious, Sushi Love Cake, Sustainabilaville, and Whiskey Tango Foxtrot- Tall Grass.
Earth Guardian gurus visited camps throughout the event to view them in action and also evaluated camps based on their documentation of practices and post-event cleanup reports. Each camp is judged on their pre-camp application and LNT/Green camp plans, on site implementation of the green practices, performance on the MOOP map and post-playa documentation available for sharing with other camps. We had many outstanding camps with simple and ingenious features this year. Each winning camp earned two tickets to Burning Man 2008 and special recognition in the Earth Guardian web pages. The 2007 Camp of the Day winners are: Entheon Village, Sustainabilaville, Soulicious. AEZ Village, and Amphibia. Honorable mention goes to Snow Koan Solar, Carbon Dioxide, NoseFish, HOodville and Ashram Galactica.
Environmental Movies/LNTV and Playa Talks
This year the Earth Guardian pavilion was the host for many "green" workshops, demonstrations, and environmental stewardship meetings throughout the day. We had some great speakers from UC Davis and the Desert Research Institute sharing their knowledge and their research on the Black Rock Desert. In the evenings, we had nightly environmental movies to go along with our LNTV environmental tips; also several green mixers, including a Green Cocktail Hour Discussion on Wednesday to thank all the participants on the Green Map (and all of you!).
Outreach with Other Groups
Expanded Nature Walks and Cooperative Eco-Action Project
This year Earth Guardians coordinated with Friends of Black Rock/High Rock, Friends of Nevada Wilderness and BLM to complete eco-restoration at the much-damaged Coyote Springs dune area. Located on the playa less than a mile from the edge of Black Rock City, Coyote Springs was a landmark and water source on the 1850's emigrant trail. The BLM chose Coyote Springs for restoration work because it is historically significant and a habitat for Kit foxes, a species of concern. Several human impacts have reduced Coyote Springs in size and vitality. About 50 years ago, wells were drilled at nearby Garrett Ranch (aka Frog Pond) that reportedly reduced the water flow. Lately, the many mounds along the playa edge have attracted off-road vehicles that kill plants and chew up the loose sediment. Coyote Springs has shrunk and could go into severe decline if human impacts continue.
On Wednesday, Thursday and Friday of Burning Man, four groups of volunteers went from the Earth Guardians Pavilion to Coyote Springs, a half-mile from the northeast edge of the city. The project had three parts: 1) building 250 feet of fence, 2) raking out the vehicle tracks from the whole dune surface, and 3) breaking up several roads and compacted areas. A large proportion of the dune surface was marked by tracks, from one or many vehicles. Volunteers used rakes to smooth the surface and make tracks disappear. Several remarked that we were creating a giant meditation garden, interacting with the land surface in a deep and inspiring way. All ecological restoration is a kind of environmental art, with the land and its life as the medium, and inspiration and sweat for the tools. Brush cut from the nearby shoreline was placed over the pits, camouflaging the road and promoting re-vegetation. Each small pit collects water and traps blowing seeds, and dead brush shelters seedlings in a protected microclimate.
The better and more artistic the restoration, the less it looks like art and more like nature. Burning Man volunteers created an environmental art installation, erasing traces and making Coyote Springs look untouched. Friday's high wind and rain completed the job with blowing sand and a light crust to lock it in place. However, there is a significant chance that Coyote Springs will be further damaged by off-road vehicles despite the fencing, restoration and signage. 2007's project was an experiment and a gauge of public reaction to new management methods. Burning Man and its partner groups will be back for years to come, continuing a long-term adaptive program of environmental stewardship, outreach and education.
The Playa Exhibit
For several years we have worked in partnership with BLM and other wilderness groups to explore different themes in outreach to the residents of Black Rock City. Themes for past exhibits range from Wilderness Areas and Black Rock's National Historic Trails to dinosaurs on the playa. This year's exhibit focused on the playa itself – how it got here, what it is made out of, that is it alive, how safe it is to breathe and what we do to protect it. The exhibits included a map of Lake Lahontan in the Pleistocene period, science posters on the geology, current research, and actual living playa shrimp. The exhibit was also set up like a research camp with a cozy campfire (gas) and a special LNT burn barrel from DPW. Volunteers from the Nevada state parks, BLM and the Nevada Outdoor School hosted the exhibit to answer questions from participants.
National LNT Traveling Trainers
The National LNT organization sent its Senior Traveling Trainers, Dusty and Amy, to Burning Man. They had participated in the Green House back in April, so were well prepared to jump in and do community talks at Center Camp Café and get involved with several Earth Guardian teams including the information desk, nature walks, and the "Toxic Avenger" burn patrols.
Other Activities and Operations at Burning Man
Hot Spring Patrols
The hot spring patrols were busy again in 2007, operating around the clock from the day the gates opened, through Sunday after the burn. In the last few years we have incorporated additional volunteer leads to be responsible for transporting the volunteers to and from the three springs to cover each shift. We have been exploring the use of alternate vehicles since the long miles and frequent drives require significant use of personal vehicles over extreme terrain. Also, having a passenger van allows the lead driver to transport a full cadre of six or more volunteers without having to bring the volunteers' personal vehicles outside of the fence and gate. In 2007, the Burning Man fleet vehicle we used had some problems, so we are hoping to use a rental vehicle in 2008.
Burn Platform Patrols
Once again, our Toxic Avengers volunteers patrolled the burn platforms on Sunday. Armed with five golf carts and extra radios, we did our best to prevent participants from burning banned items or overloading the platforms. Once again, this task was much bigger than 5 golf carts, 1 pickup, 1 chainsaw, and 10–15 people could manage to control. For 2007 the signage was not as clear as in 2006 about what could be burned: clean wood and paper. However, most importantly, the messaging about burning less and burning responsibly seems to be reaching people. The improved wood recycling certainly helped!
The Water Works project
In front of the Earth Guardian pavilion, the "H2OK Corral" intrigued visitors with two wind-powered grey water evaporators spinning in the breeze. The evaporators disposed of over fifty gallons of grey water and hopefully provoked visitors to consider designing and building their own. A list of Frequently Asked Questions informed visitors of the dos and don'ts for disposing of used water on the playa.
Ideas for 2008
Earth Guardians would like to further expand our role in promoting environmental stewardship, sustainability, and environmentalism in 2008. We will develop outside display and workshop material and expand our partnerships internally on "greening" issues; and work externally on stewardship and restoration, continuing our partnerships with Friends of the Black Rock, BLM, Nevada Wilderness Project, and others to advance our reach.
The Burning Man Ecological Restoration Program is a key element of the event's "green evolution". Two years of intense organizing led up to this year's ambitious environmental project. Burning Man excels at bringing creative, skilled volunteers together around visionary ideas and making dreams become reality. We have a proven record of doing big, complicated things in a difficult, remote desert environment. Now is the time to continue and capitalize on the momentum built by all this hard work.
Environmental stewardship offers an opportunity to build on this strong basis and expand capacity for environmental education and organizing. Earth Guardians are proposing the hosting of a three-day ecological restoration seminar on the weekend before the event. In cooperation with our non-profit partners, we will develop a curriculum of nature education and restoration training to prepare dedicated volunteers for projects during the event. Participants will camp out and travel to a variety of sites, learning by seeing and doing. The Restoration program will be a focus for expanding the Earth Guardians' existing program of speakers, meetings, symposiums and events at the EG Pavilion during Burning Man.
This year's event, the Green Man, brought Eco-Art to burners for the first time in a large way. Eco-art is a new, "sexy" field that is attracting a lot of attention in both artistic and scientific circles. There are great potential opportunities for funding, outreach and exposure. A Burning Man eco-art program is a new idea that will require much development and growth before it produces results, but those results may be spectacularly innovative. Burning Man is the perfect venue for integrating art and science into hands-on projects that make a difference. Starting small, a collaboration of artists and environmental scientists may blossom into a movement of its own.